Theresa J Morris for ACO

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Theeresa J Morris
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Theresa J Morris
URL: http://theresajmorris.com

ACO CULTURE CLUB
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BIOGRAPHY

UPDATED BIOGRAPHY as of 7/28/2014

For ACO Culture Club and ACO Book Club

Theresa J Morris aka TJ Morris, Author, Entrepreneur, Speaker, and Radio Host shares her experiences in her books. Born Theresa Janette Thurmond, in Monroe, La now lives in Beaver Dam, KY USA with her husband-author, Thomas R. Morris. Theresa has Authors Club Organization and Associates Community Online as ACO. TJ has owned her own business ACIR since 1978. TJ specializes in metaphysics, parapsychology, paranormal, ufology genres and became a syndicated columnist for various magazines in 2007. Theresa has owned American News Magazine since 2004 and Anew News for ACIR-ACO Press as an Investigative Reporter. ACO Culture Club is for TJ’s friends of Internet Culture in Cyberspace. Theresa has over 36 years experience as a Private Investigator, Legal Investigator, and U.S. Government, DOD, USN, GS, Contractor. Theresa is managing editor for publications and authors in Authors Club Organization, ACO. Education in Business Intelligence administration, former President/CEO of both profit and nonprofit corporations. TJ has traveled the world and loves people and animals. Advocate of art, culture, education. Member of BMI Broadcast Music Incorporated as Producer/Songwriter. Introduction: Theresa J Morris aka TJ Morris, Author, Entrepreneur, Speaker, Radio Host shares her experiences in her books. Born Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris, in Monroe, La now lives in Beaver Dam, KY USA with her husband-author, Thomas R. Morris. Theresa has an Authors Club Organization as ACO. TJ has specialized in the paranormal genre since 2007 when she became a syndicated columnist for various magazines. Theresa has over 36 years experience as a Private Investigator, Legal Investigator, and U.S. Government, DOD, USN, GS, Contractor. Theresa not only is a writer but an editor for other authors in her Authors Club Organization, ACO. Theresa J Morris is Author/Entrepreneur-Speaker – TJ Morris ET Radio Show Host. Founding Director of the ACE Nonprofit Inc, and ACO Corp Press Club. TJ Morris tm ACIR sm. Alien Contact Experiencers of ACE Nonprofit Inc. Theresa also known as TJ Morris dba ACIR is an American who has had Close Encounters her entire life and has devoted her Life’s Work to sharing the future with support groups of Lightworkers and Truthseekers of the Ascension Age. Theresa began her research in the human potential movement after a NDE near death experience in May, 1958 and again January 27, 1974 and both times she experienced alien intelligence beings that she considered angels at the time. TJ has since changed how she believes in extraterrestrials based on UFO Sightings and ET Encounters and is now sharing her story with those who join her in her TJ Morris ACO Social Service Club. TJ Morris is the Talk Show Host of the TJ Morris ET Radio weekly. TJ has written several books including Roswell Encounters, Ascension Age, and Alien UFO Story by TJ. TJ is now working with various small business entrepreneurs to form an annual conference in AMERICA with those who support her work in art, culture, education for the social changes and the new humanoid species as a supporter of a new spiritual science movement as a “Family of Kindred Spirits of the Social Paranormal Kind.” TJ’s professional background is as a Private, Legal, and Government investigator and refers to herself simply as an entrepreneur. Alien ET UFO Cybernauts Computing -A person who wears sensory devices in order to experience virtual reality. A person who uses the Internet. Origin-1990s: from cyber-, on the pattern of astronaut and aeronaut. Aeronaut chiefly a historical traveler in a hot-air balloon, airship, or other flying craft. Origin is late 18th century: from french aéronaute, from Greek aēr ‘air’ + nautēs ‘sailor’. Theresa J Morris Biography Theresa J Morris Author/Entrepreneur/Speaker/Radio Show Host in Beaver Dam, Kentucky, USA TJMorrisACO@gmail.com http://theresajmorris.com ABOUT ME Theresa J Morris, Author/Entrepreneur/Speaker. ACO LLC and TJ Morris Media. Analyst, Investigative Reporter. Psychic Intuitive Mentor Interested in Body-Mind-Spirit-Soul Connections with others. Books on Self-Help, Consciousness, Metaphysics, Parapsychology, Ufology. I share my life with other Authors, Entrepreneurs, Consultants, and Organizers of sustainability Events. Founder ACE Nonprofit Inc, ACE Folklife, Radio Talk Show Host.TJ Morris ET Radio Show. TJ believes in creative design and reincarnation for the soul. Former Military DOD, USN Former Investigator, Private, GS, Legal, Investigative Reporter, Author, Entrepreneur, Hostess-Speaker specializes in body-mind-spirit self-help books, consciousness, metaphysics, parapsychology, psychic skills, tarot reading, ufology and cyberculture. Toastmaster, Member BMI, Former IBMA, USTA, CMA. Webmaster in Communications, Publications, TJ Morris Entertainment INTERESTS Alien Contract Organization, Shares Motivational Experiences with friends. Raising conscious awareness of body-mind-spirit experiencing the birth-life-death process with others about our inner and outer guiding force we call individual and collective. Universal Consciousness Observation expansion as ascension of essence for self and all as health and prosperity is my overall goal while here on planet. Universal Expansion of mind over matter is a main theme in my life for existence being in service to others as a healing part of the whole is interesting. I have an associates consulting organization for authors interested in change, expansion, peace and progress. Interests in spiritual soul transformation process with others. Communication Information Technology Geeks are my peers. In cyberspace we share a cloud of cyberculture. I am always learning and for those who find me I also teach if asked to share what I know. My books are for sharing what I have experienced on my spiritual path and paranormal journey. I am called an ET Spirit Guide. Ascension Age Social Paranormal Kind. Alien ET UFO Community. Arts & Humanities, ACE Folklife Art, Culture, Education, Science, Technology – Folklife, ET Experiences, World Realization, World History, Cosmology, I love to meet People. I work in Sustainability of Planet and Species. I am a Life Coach and a Personal Consultant. President of both Nonprofit and Profit. I share ideas with futurists and have an Authors Club Organization called ACO. ACO Press Club ACO LLC Org ACO Consciousness, Parapsychology, Ufology, Women ET Contactees as Spiritual Evolution of our Species Ancient Wisdom and New Thought Teachings with TJ Morris Entertainment Tonight Radio. International Headquarters -Agent – Founder Director President – Theresa J Morris Hawaii Home Office – Agent – Co-Founder – Executive Vice President – Janet Kira Lessin, We the members of the original Ascension Center ascribe to the highest standards of excellence with regard to the uplifting of humankind by providing spiritual and educational awareness. Ascension Centers founded for spiritual growth, education, and continues research for the communication of truth. Services are provided as private and group counseling, study groups, classes, seminars, written publications, audio/visual tapes, and other workshop materials, which is a synthesis of ancient wisdoms and new thought teachings and philosophies. We share ACO LLC Associates, Consultants, and Organizers for the Spiritual Transformation Movement for health and prosperity for all. We specialize in the healing and knowing of believing that we are all extraterrestrials sharing universal wisdom of the entire cosmos and the theory of everything. We share with Theresa J Morris, American News Magazine, Anew News, ACOcorp.org, TJMorrisMedia.com, ACOLLC.org, ACENonprofitinc.com, TJMorrisACO.com, TJMorrisET.com, and theresajmorris.com. Theresa is a well-known psychic tarot reader who began Psychic Network and Ascension Centers Hawaii. Theresa is now the talk show host for TJ Morris Entertainment Org and ACO LLC. Theresa lives in Beaver Dam, KY USA. Theresa shares her business to business associates among trusted friends interested in cosmology.

TJ Morris Characature UFOlogistoons by Dennis Rano

TJ Morris
Characature
UFOlogistoons
by Dennis Rano

TJ Morris tm ACIR smTJ Morris Entertainment LogoTJ Morris ACIR ACO Keyhole Logo Theresa J Morris Author/Radio Show Host in Beaver Dam, Kentucky, USA Theresa J Morris is Author/Entrepreneur-Speaker – TJ Morris ET Radio Show Host. Founding Director of the ACE Nonprofit Inc, and ACO Corp Press Club. TJ Morris tm ACIR sm. Alien Contact Experiencers of ACE Nonprofit Inc. Theresa also known as TJ Morris dba ACIR is an American who has had Close Encounters her entire life and has devoted her Life’s Work to sharing the future with support groups of Lightworkers and Truthseekers of the Ascension Age. Theresa began her research in the human potential movement after a NDE near death experience in May, 1958 and again January 27, 1974 and both times she experienced alien intelligence beings that she considered angels at the time. TJ has since changed how she believes in extraterrestrials based on UFO Sightings and ET Encounters and is now sharing her story with those who join her in her TJ Morris ACO Culture Club. Theresa aka TJ shares the Alien Contact Organization with others as ACO LLC. TJ Morris is the Talk Show Host of the TJ Morris ET Radio weekly. TJ has written several books including Roswell Encounters, Ascension Age 2012 & Beyond, Alien UFO Story by TJ, How to Social Network Metaphysics, Alien Contact Organization, and Dying to Make Contact. TJ is now working with various small business entrepreneurs to form an annual conference in AMERICA with those who support her work in art, culture, education for the social changes and the new humanoid species as a supporter of a new spiritual science movement as a “Family of Kindred Spirits of the Social Paranormal Kind.” TJ’s professional background is as a Private, Legal, and Government investigator and refers to herself simply as an entrepreneur. http://theresajmorris.com   Books are located at various book stores including: Amazon Barnes & Noble Book-A-Million Lulu Timely Manor Books TJ Morris Publishing http://lulu.com/spotlight/TJMorrisPublishing TJMorrisACO@gmail.com http://theresajmorris.com ABOUT ME Theresa J Morris, Author/Entrepreneur. ACO Press Club, Investigative Reporter. TJ Morris ET Radio – Life Coaching Agent – Consultant – Organizer Tarot Intuitive Counselor – Cosmic Divine Origin Encounters, Research, & Studies Art-Culture-Education – ACE Folklife – ACO I share my life with other Authors, Entrepreneurs, Consultants, Organizers of sustainability Events. Founder ACE Nonprofit Inc, ACE Folklife, Radio Talk Show Host.TJ Morris ET Radio Show. TJ believes in creative design and reincarnation for the soul. Former Military DOD,USN Former Investigator, Private, GS, Legal, Investigative Reporter, Presently Author, Entrepreneur, Hostess-Speaker, Radio Talk Show Host Toastmaster, Member BMI, Former IBMA, USTA, CMA. Webmaster in Communications, Publications, TJ Morris Entertainment   <SCRIPT charset=”utf-8″ type=”text/javascript” src=”http://ws-na.amazon-adsystem.com/widgets/q?rt=tf_cw&ServiceVersion=20070822&MarketPlace=US&ID=V20070822%2FUS%2Ftj087-20%2F8010%2Ffaa72228-4d56-41ef-989a-b8521faca937&Operation=GetScriptTemplate”> </SCRIPT> <NOSCRIPT><A HREF=”http://ws-na.amazon-adsystem.com/widgets/q?rt=tf_cw&ServiceVersion=20070822&MarketPlace=US&ID=V20070822%2FUS%2Ftj087-20%2F8010%2Ffaa72228-4d56-41ef-989a-b8521faca937&Operation=NoScript”>Amazon.com Widgets</A></NOSCRIPT> http://youtu.be/wDCauTvXA_A http://youtu.be/8ET7ed8kG-Q 373059_377959715613395_1407756778_nAce-FolklifeTheresa J. Thurmond Morris 260 Carolyn Lane, Beaver Dam, KY USA 42320 (270) 274-6707 Cell (270) 256-6292 Email: tjmorrispublishing@gmail.com theresajmorris@outlook.com Business Email: tj@acollc.org, tjmorrispublishing@att.net Skills Summary Auditing/Inspecting Author/Editor Bookkeeping/Accounting Broadcast Media News/Publishing Computer Proficiency/Web Master Counselor/Mediator Investigations/Information Security Journalist/Blogger/Web Publisher-Ezines Operations/Office Management Producer/Broadcast Music/Commercials Property Management/Day Care Director Radio Talk Show Host Records Search/Report Writing Sales/Marketing Speaker/Self-Help Motivator Excellent investigative, analytical, planning, organizational, administrative and communicative skills. Decisive results oriented, experienced researcher, self-starting team player, team leader and co-creator. Professional Experience Broadcast Media Producing, songwriting, commercials, event planning, webpage building, hosting, small business management online Managed offices, served as paralegal/legal assistant, experienced property manager, product design, development, manufacturing and marketing. Successfully instituted a profit and non-profit corporation with international travel and trade. Performed extensive investigative work in and out of country both legal and private contractor while providing support groups and documentation for how to improve efficiency and proficiency. Assisted in NIS/FBI case investigations Notary Public for State of Texas, Licensed Investigator in Birmingham, Alabama, worked with both domestic and international law enforcement officials in arson, fraud, and subrogation. Work History Owner ACO LLC, Beaver Dam, KY 2013 to Present Owner TJ Morris Media, dba ACIR, Beaver Dam, KY 2002 to Present Over the Road Semi Truck Driver, TX, TN, 1995-2002 Founder/President/CEO, Jungle Beach Corporation, Honolulu, HI 1990-1994 Founder/President/CEO Ascension Center/Psychic Network Inc., Honolulu, HI 1990-1994 U.S. DOD Dept. of Navy, TX, IL, HI, 1985-1993 Legal Investigator Newton B. Schwartz, Attorney, Houston, Texas 1982-1985 Legal Investigator/Secretary Attorneys Cucci, Welch, Collichio, Welch, Rochester, NY 1982 Investigator/Owner, ACIR Birmingham, AL 1978-1981 Office Manager/Assistant, John Taliaferro, Attorney at Law, Birmingham, AL 1977-1978 Police Officer/Dispatcher, Pearland Police Dept., Pearland, TX, 1976 Frank Gilman Pontiac/GMC, Houston, TX 1975-1976 Property Manager, NBS Diamond Properties and Investments, Houston, TX 1970-1975 Homemaker/Mother, Houston, Texas 1967-1975 (although continued through lifetime) Dairy Queen, Kenny Merchant, Houston, TX 1967 Education and Training Undergraduate courses in business administration, law enforcement, psychology Owensboro Community & Technical College, Owensboro, KY Daymar College, Owensboro, KY The Pacific Institute, WA American Truck Driving School, OK Income Builders International, Madison, AL College of Lake County, Waukegan, IL U.S. Naval Hospital Corps School, Great Lakes, IL University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL Alvin Community College, Alvin, TX Barbizon Modeling, Birmingham, AL Houston Spinnerettes, Baton, Dance, Modeling, Houston, TX Camille Long Hill, Dance, Houston, TX Arthur Murray Dance, Martha Gilliland, Birmingham, AL Professional Membership BMI Broadcast Music Incorporated, Nashville, TN ACI Associates Consulting International, USA, ACO Associate Consultants Online, USA ACE Associates Community Education, USA ACIR Associates Consulting International Relations, USA ABOUT ACO Alien Contact Organization Forming in 2012 by Founder Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris aka Theresa J Morris as ACO By TJ Morris – ACO ACIR STRATEGY CO-CREATION BY DESIGN Over the period of this plan, we aim to recruit more members, supporters, donors and sponsors to help us achieve change and deliver services to the world’s consumers. Our aim is to minimize inequalities in consumer protection, increase sources of advice and information, and give more consumers access to the help they need. We shall share our programs which we co-create together utilizing our veterans who are vetted to work in the 3D physical realm. We recognize that each sub-culture with similar interests prefer to focus on their own core focus of their social network tribe. However, in order to best serve the global community it has come to the attention TJ Morris ACIR that the groups which she has begun to form as Alien Contact Investigations Research with Anew News Magazine and Alien Contact Organization with American News Magazine will require infrastructure. Therefore, TJ has decided to share her administrative leadership skills in writing. However, her higher guide which allows her to research what can be used that has already been shared in her new developing global tectonic economics plan known as the TJ Morris Project can use much of her team which was born in her same era Called the Baby Boomers from 1946 through 1966 which is now reaching in 2012 the age of retirement. TJ will be recruiting all those who desire to assist as volunteer coordinators and advisers. TJ will be creating with her friends and colleagues a new way to understand that which in the past was not packaged together to understand based on our past for the present to design our future. In sharing with her friends as peers TJ has proposed the Ascension Age of Communication and the Golden Age of Cosmology to work together in her TJ Morris ACIR Project as a bridge to the future. In creating this bridge of understanding to the future with her friends, the cutting edge updates will be explained at an international assemble conference annually. The information can then be disbursed among her members in her project along with her friends which are her team of corridor creating coordinators to develop an innovative, efficient and sustainable membership organization to support a 21st Century communication club dealing with other associations and organizations which are also concerned in the sustainability of planet and species. American Consumer International Rights movement is building our operational strength in the Ascension Age of Communication as the Golden Age of Cosmology with TJ Morris ACIR. Over this strategic period we will: • Provide our members with access to the great wealth of knowledge, expertise and experience that our movement has attained over the past with a focus since 1935 on our timeline from space. Tj’s mother Theresa Mae Bolton Thurmond Thomas left the legacy to TJ to remind us that “We are ALL the AUTHOR of our own LIFE story.” We can work with various associations and organizations to strengthen the capacity of a limited number of members to ensure that the international movement has strong consumer representation. We can design our strategy solution to work with Those interested in Global Tectonic Economics Strategically while concentrating on important parts of the world – creating a more universally safe and sustainable marketplace for all consumers. To assist this process we will recruit members: 1. Help members to help themselves, providing guidance on fund raising, sharing success stories, offering training where appropriate and working together on priority issues. 2. Develop a set of training materials, guidance, briefings, techniques and toolkits, and make it available to all our members. 3. Establish a clear case for support, engaging members, supporters, donors and funders to deliver real change to the lives of consumers in every part of the world. 4. Create more opportunity for member involvement through advance planning, reporting and the creation of expert programs steering groups. 5. Make effective use of social media, video and web conferencing to strengthen our relations with members and maximize the use of modern communications to achieve change. We will be sharing booklets and pamphlets in ACO – ACIR – ACE and ACE CONFERENCES including the 2012 Intro Stargate to Atlantis Conference to be held by members of various International Organizations. We as ACO are an alliance with a strategic plan for Global Tectonic Economics. Add new comment Your name TJ Morris Subject Author articles 2012 Alien ET UFO Community 12-21-12 11:11 A.C.E. Alien ET UFOS of the Allied Counsel Intergalactic Relations Alien UFO ET Community Tuned Into Life On Earth & Elsewhere -Taken up Alien Contact Investigative Reports Taken Up in Ascension Age “Taken Up” Series on UFO Digest a Planet Information ET Work in Progress with ACE Folklife TAKEN UP~ The Alien ET UFO Community Finale in 2012 by TJ Evolution of Consciousness in the Alien ET UFO Community “TAKEN UP” – An ET UFO Story – 2012 by TJ Morris “Taken up” Finally The Opening Scene of the ET UFO Story – 2012 UFO Secrets Finally Exposed MANAGEMENT Publisher: Dirk Vander Ploeg Editor: Robert D Morningstar CARTOONS By D. Rano NEWSLETTERS ONLINE Get our FREE monthly newsletter featuring great articles, videos and more! NAVIGATION Add content Blogs Forums Polls POPULAR CONTENT Sound Communication with Extraterrestrials Alien Contact Investigative Reports UFO Digest Newsletter Extraterrestrial Phenomenon TJ Morris Publishing Member of Consumers Union and Applying Dreams Gnosis of Gnostics TJ Morris ET Talk Therapy on TJMorrisETradio Light ASCENSION AGE ~ 2012 & BEYOND Sharing JUST IN CASE. We are ALL valid with memories, words, spirits, souls

TJ Morris ET Theeresa J Morris Host

TJ Morris ET
Theresa J Morris
Host

 

Tarot Readings – Spiritual Adviser

ACO UFO ClubAlien Contact OrganizationBy Theresa J MorrisI am the founder of the first known Ascension Center, Psychic Network Organization, UFO Association and Alien Contact Organization.I have articles written all over the internet in blogs, websites, and magazines. I have also written books in which some of my articles were preserved and are now available on Amazon and Lulu.com. Some are written under TJ Thurmond Morris, TJ Morris and Theresa J Morris. I was not sure what I should write about other than that which I was interested in preserving and didn’t give much thought to arranging in a linear or chronological order as most books all have a beginning, middle and end just like our life story. I haven’t really told my story in one book.I began a spiritual quest for truth when I was born on earth if one wants to take a literal step towards reality in that which we combine as life and truth in one sentence.All that I have done I learned to do for my own sanity. I wanted to share what I could prove was thought provoking and worth researching while observing with my own point of view while growing, maintaining and thriving while on this planet.ACO has become the acronym for all that I have understood to be of a design that others could relate too inside and outside of me as my own metaphysical philosophy as a member of the citizenry of humanity of the sentient intelligent beings on earth.ACO will inherit my story for my own children on planet earth to expound upon with their own life stories as they come and go from this planet. My mother when she was still walking and talking on earth shared this parting thought with me to remember while she wanted me to continue writing books and made the point that ebooks or electronic digital books would be the way of the future. Mother had always been a journalist and writer for as long as I can remember and had a deep love for books. Her message to me was “We are the Author of our own Life Stories!” This Alien Contact Organization which I hope will be continued for our many generations to come is one that was founded on this saying from one mother to another which I hope will be passed down to my four daughters to share with their children both male and female. We are they who are visited from outer space and therefore we know that, “Alien Civilizations Exist!” I have many books and yet none have been an all-inclusive story of my life and my life lessons here on planet earth. My life although normal to me has taken on an air of paranormal and spiritual tag words in cyberspace inside that which I created as the community online practicing skills or cops for short. Sharing as a social entrepreneur I along with others have participated in making the future with use of computers and the internet online a part of who we are today and what we shall certainly change in the future. Let this ACO stand for that which brings us together with the understanding that things change as do we as the humanoid sentient intelligent being species. We can allow the ACO to stand for the Ascension Center Organization, Alien Contact Organization, Authors Club Organization, Agents-Consultants-Organizers, Associates Cooperative Organization, as well as many other things, groups, sub-groups, and sub-cultures inside our artists, creators, oracles group of beings, I also began the ACE Folklife officially in 2007 for art, culture, education. It is now my desire to share that which compels me to be who I am and to do what I do which is what I enjoy and that is being, doing, and having experiences while here on earth. Life is about experiencing and making good choices while we learn what it is that makes us better at being us. I am that I am is a way of knowing that we think therefore we exist. Philosophy has been a big part of who and what I am as a sentient intelligent beings. I have surmised that we are all body-mind-spirits sharing the birth-life-death process and that we are accepted from above as only one spark of spiritual immortal intelligence that reflects it’s being as an immortal soul. We are all a soul and our immortal spirit must retain memories that will be used in whatever location we may be or exist in whatever form we may take. Life is about learning and sharing what we know, who we are and what we do while we are here on planet earth. Let’s make the best of it for we are here in body-mind-spirit such a short time and then we ascend. One topic of conversation that has developed while I have been on the planet this time in physical form is the study of unidentified flying objects or UFOS. This now has been shared as a research and study or form of education called UFOlogy. Alien Contact Organization will adopt the study of UFOS as that called UFOlogy or the subject matter and activities associated with an interest in UFOS. Ufology Not to be confused with UFO religion. Ufology /juːˈfɒlədʒiː/ is the array of subject matter and activities associated with an interest in unidentified flying objects (UFOs). UFOs have been subject to various investigations over the years by governments, independent groups, and scientists. The term derives from UFO, which is pronounced as an acronym, and the suffix -logy, which comes from the Ancient Greek λογία (logiā). Sharing the contents of how the basic information has been built upon while sharing a community online practicing skills of volunteers throughout the world who desire to share in what is now termed the free open source called Wikipedia has now become a recognized practice inside the internet online in our cyberculture in cyberspace. We are not saying that the information presented is written in stone because as we know each day that we go into the information seeking and researching process of our own desires consciously online that what we place inside a particular location inside cyberspace in what we call the internet online is ever changing. In other words we are all contributors to that which we now share as an open source of information. We offer this information that will change daily but here it is shared for those who desire to know and have a basic understanding of the thread or track of thoughts we accept as a basic description and understanding with articles we share in cyberspace on the internet among interested writers and researchers… Etymology Historical background Status as a field As a pseudoscience Methodological issues UFO categorization Hynek system Vallée system Alleged academic ridicule Ufology and UFO reports Surveys of scientists and amateur astronomers concerning UFOs Notable studies, panels, and conferences in ufology Project Sign, Project Grudge (USA, 1947–1949) Flying Saucer Working Party (UK, 1950–1951) Project Magnet, Project Second Story (Canada, 1950–1954) Project Blue Book (USA, 1951–1969) Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14 (USA, 1952–1954) Robertson Panel (USA, 1953) Condon Committee (USA, 1966–1968) RAND Corporation paper (USA, 1968) Project Identification (USA, 1973–1980) Studies by GEPAN, SERPA & GEIPAN (France, 1977–present) United Nations (1977–1979) Project Hessdalen / Project EMBLA (Norway, 1983–present / Italy 1999–2004) Project Condign (UK, 1996–2000) Sturrock Panel Report (USA, 1997) COMETA Report (France, 1999) “Disclosure Project” Press Conference (USA, 2001) Fife Symington Press Conference (USA, 2007) Notable cases in ufology Kenneth Arnold UFO sighting (USA, 1947) Roswell UFO Incident (USA, 1947) July 1952 Washington D.C. UFO incident (USA, 1952) Tehran UFO Incident (Iran, 1976) Rendlesham Forest Incidents (UK, 1980) Belgian UFO wave (Belgium, 1989–1991) Phoenix Lights (USA, 1997) Notable UFO organizations United States United Kingdom Ukraine Australia Skeptic organizations World UFO Day See also References Further reading External links Etymology According to the Oxford English Dictionary, one of the first documented uses of the word ufology can be found in the Times Literary Supplement from January 23, 1959, in which it writes, “The articles, reports, and bureaucratic studies which have been written about this perplexing visitant constitute ‘ufology’.” This article was printed eight years after Edward J. Ruppelt of the United States Air Force (USAF) coined the word UFO in 1951. Historical background A Swedish Air Force officer searches for a “ghost rocket” in Lake Kölmjärv, Norrland, Sweden, in July 1946. The modern UFO mythology has three traceable roots: the late 19th century “mystery airships” reported in the newspapers of western United States, “foo fighters” reported by Allied airmen during World War II, and the Kenneth Arnold “flying saucer” sighting near Mt. Rainier, Washington on June 24, 1947. UFO reports between “The Great Airship Wave” and the Arnold sighting were limited in number compared to the post-war period: notable cases include reports of “ghost fliers” in Europe and North America during the 1930s and the numerous reports of “ghost rockets” in Scandinavia (mostly Sweden) from May to December 1946. Media hype in the late 1940s and early 1950s following the Arnold sighting brought the concept of flying saucers to the public audience. As the public’s preoccupation in UFOs grew, along with the number of reported sightings, the United States military began to take notice of the phenomenon. The UFO explosion of the early post-war era coincides with the escalation of the Cold War and the Korean War. The U.S. military feared that secret aircraft of the Soviet Union, possibly developed from captured German technology, were behind the reported sightings. If correct, the craft causing the sightings were thus of importance to national security and of need of systematic investigation. By 1952, however, the official US government interest in UFOs began to fade as the USAF projects Sign and Grudge concluded, along with the CIA’s Robertson Panel that UFO reports indicated no direct threat to national security. The government’s official research into UFOs ended with the publication of the Condon Committee report in 1969, which concluded that the study of UFOs in the past 21 years had achieved little, if anything, and that further extensive study of UFO sightings was unwarranted. It also recommended the termination of the USAF special unit Project Blue Book. As the U.S. government ceased officially studying UFO sightings, the same became true for most governments of the world. A notable exception is France, which still maintains the GEIPAN, formerly known as GEPAN (1977–1988) and SEPRA (1988–2004), a unit under the French Space Agency CNES. During the Cold War, British, Canadian, Danish, Italian, and Swedish governments have each collected reports of UFO sightings. Britain’s Ministry of Defence ceased accepting any new reports as of 2010. Further information: List of ufologists Ufology has generally not been embraced by academia as a scientific field of study, even though UFOs were, during the late 1940s and early 1950s, the subject of large-scale scientific studies. The lack of acceptance of ufology by academia as a field of study means that people can claim to be “UFO researchers”, without the sorts of scientific consensus building and, in many cases peer review, that otherwise shape and influence scientific paradigms. Even among scientifically inclined UFO research efforts, data collecting is often done by amateur investigators. Famous mainstream scientists who have shown interest in the UFO phenomenon, including Stanford physicist Peter A. Sturrock, astronomer J. Allen Hynek, computer scientist and astronomer Jacques F. Vallée, and University of Arizona meteorologist James E. McDonald. As a pseudoscience Ufology is characterized as a partial or total pseudoscience, which many ufologists reject. Pseudoscience is a term that classifies studies that are claimed to exemplify the methods and principles of science, but that do not adhere to an appropriate scientific methodology, lack supporting evidence or plausibility, or otherwise lack scientific status. Gregory Feist, an academic psychologist, proposes that ufology can be categorized as a pseudoscience because its adherents claim it to be a science while being rejected as being one by the scientific community, and because the field lacks a cumulative scientific progress; ufology has not, in his view, advanced since the 1950s. Rachel Cooper, a philosopher of science and medicine, states that the fundamental problem in ufology is not the lack of scientific methodology, as many ufologists have striven to meet standards of scientific acceptability, but rather the fact that the assumptions on which the research is often based are considered highly speculative. Methodological issues Scientific UFO research suffers from the fact that the phenomena under observation do not usually make predictable appearances at a time and place convenient for the researcher. Ufologist Diana Palmer Hoyt argues, The UFO problem seems to bear a closer resemblance to problems in meteorology than in physics. The phenomena are observed, occur episodically, are not reproducible, and in large part, are identified by statistical gathering of data for possible organization into patterns. They are not experiments that can be replicated at will at the laboratory bench under controlled conditions. On the other hand, skeptics have argued that UFOs are not a scientific problem at all, as there is no tangible physical evidence to study. Barry Markovsky argues that, under scrutiny by qualified investigators, the vast majority of UFO sightings turn out to have mundane explanations. Astronomer Carl Sagan stated on UFO sightings, “The reliable cases are uninteresting and the interesting cases are unreliable. Unfortunately there are no cases that are both reliable and interesting.” Peter A. Sturrock states that UFO studies should be compartmentalized into at least “the following distinct activities”: Field investigations leading to case documentation and the measurement or retrieval of physical evidence; Laboratory analysis of physical evidence; The systematic compilation of data (descriptive and physical) to look for patterns and so extract significant facts; The analysis of compilations of data (descriptive and physical) to look for patterns and so extract significant facts; The development of theories and the evaluation of those theories on the basis of facts. Denzler states that ufology as a field of study has branched into two different mindsets: the first group of investigators wants to convince the unbelievers and earn intellectual legitimacy through systematic study using the scientific method, and the second group sees the follow-up questions concerning the origin and “mission” of the UFOs as more important than a potential academic standing. UFO categorization J. Allen Hynek and Jacques Vallée The “UFO” is unidentified flying object. Because it is unidentified, the classification and categorization are impossible. However, ufologists have proposed different systems for the classification. Hynek system Developed in the 1970s, J. Allen Hynek’s original system of description divides sightings into six categories. It first separates sightings into distant- and close-encounter categories, arbitrarily setting five-hundred feet as the cutoff point. It then subdivides these close and distant categories based on appearance or special features: Nocturnal Lights (NL): Anomalous lights seen in the night sky. Daylight Discs (DD): Any anomalous object, generally but not necessarily “discoidal”, seen in the distant daytime sky. Radar/Visual cases (RV): Objects seen simultaneously by eye and on radar. Hynek also defined three close encounter (CE) subcategories: CE1: Strange objects seen nearby but without physical interaction with the environment. CE2: A CE1 case that leaves physical evidence, e.g. soil depressions, vegetation damage, or causes electromagnetic interference. CE3: CE1 or CE2 cases where occupants or entities are seen. Later, Hynek introduced a fourth category, CE4, which is used to describe cases where the witness feels he was abducted by a UFO. Some ufologists have adopted a fifth category, CE5, which involves conscious human-initiated contact with extraterrestrial intelligence. Vallée system Jacques Vallée has devised a UFO classification system, where the UFO sightings of four different categories are divided into five subcategories: Close Encounter (CE): As per Hynek. Maneuver (MA): Trajectory discontinuity in flight. Fly-by (FB): No observed discontinuity in flight. Anomaly (AN): Unusual lights or unexplained entities. The five subcategories can apply to all previous categories of sightings: Sighting Physical effects: for example, radar sighting Life form or living entity Reality transformation: witnesses experienced a transformation of their sense of reality (often corresponding to the popular characterization of the incident as an abduction) Physiological impact: Such as death or serious injury Thus, the Vallée categorization categorizes cases as MA-2, AN-1, CE-4, for example. Alleged academic ridicule Stanton Friedman considers the general attitude of mainstream academics as arrogant and dismissive, or bound to a rigid world view that disallows any evidence contrary to previously held notions. Denzler states that the fear of ridicule and a loss of status has prevented scientists of pursuing a public interest in UFOs. J. Allen Hynek’s also commented, “Ridicule is not part of the scientific method and people should not be taught that it is.” Hynek said of the frequent dismissal of UFO reports by astronomers that the critics knew little about the sightings, and should thus not be taken seriously. Peter A. Sturrock suggests that a lack of funding is a major factor in the institutional disinterest in UFOs. Ufology and UFO reports In addition to UFO sightings, certain supposedly related phenomena are of interest to some in the field of ufology, including crop circles, cattle mutilations, and alien abductions and implants. Some ufologists have also promoted UFO conspiracy theories, including the alleged Roswell UFO Incident of 1947, the Majestic 12 documents, and UFO disclosure advocation. Skeptic Robert Sheaffer has accused ufology of having a “credulity explosion”. He claims a trend of increasingly sensational ideas steadily gaining popularity within ufology. Sheaffer remarked, “the kind of stories generating excitement and attention in any given year would have been rejected by mainstream ufologists a few years earlier for being too outlandish.” Likewise, James McDonald has expressed the view that extreme groups undermined serious scientific investigation, stating that a “bizarre ‘literature’ of pseudo-scientific discussion” on “spaceships bringing messengers of terrestrial salvation and occult truth” had been “one of the prime factors in discouraging serious scientists from looking into the UFO matter to the extent that might have led them to recognize quickly enough that cultism and wishful thinking have nothing to do with the core of the UFO problem.” In the same statement, McDonald said that, “Again, one must here criticize a good deal of armchair-researching done chiefly via the daily newspapers that enjoy feature-writing the antics of the more extreme of such subgroups. A disturbing number of prominent scientists have jumped all too easily to the conclusion that only the nuts see UFOs”. Surveys of scientists and amateur astronomers concerning UFOs In 1973, Peter A. Sturrock conducted a survey among members of the San Francisco chapter of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, where 1175 questionnaires were mailed and 423 were returned, and found no consensus concerning the nature and scientific importance of the UFO phenomenon, with views ranging equally from “impossible” to “certain” in reply to the question, “Do UFOs represent a scientifically significant phenomenon?” In a later larger survey conducted among the members of the American Astronomical Society, where 2611 were questionnaires mailed and 1356 were returned, Sturrock found out that opinions were equally diverse, with 23% replying “certainly”, 30% “probably”, 27% “possibly”, 17% “probably not”, and 3% “certainly not”, to the question of whether the UFO problem deserves scientific study. Sturrock also asked in the same survey if the surveyee had witnessed any event which they could not have identified and which could have been related to the UFO phenomenon, with around 5% replying affirmatively. In 1980, a survey of 1800 members of various amateur astronomer associations by Gert Herb and J. Allen Hynek of the Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS) found that 24% responded “yes” to the question, “Have you ever observed an object which resisted your most exhaustive efforts at identification?” Notable studies, panels, and conferences in ufology Further information: Identification studies of UFOs Further information: List of government responses to UFOs Project Sign, Project Grudge (USA, 1947–1949) Nathan F. Twining Project Sign The first official USAF investigations of UFOs were Project Sign (1947–1949) and its successor Project Grudge (1949). Several hundred sightings were examined, a majority of them having a mundane explanation. Some sightings were classified as credible but inexplicable, and in these cases the possibility of an advanced unknown aircraft could not be ruled out. The initial memos of the project took the UFO question seriously. After surveying 16 early reports, Lt. Col. George D. Garrett estimated that the sightings were not imaginary or exaggerations of natural phenomena. Lt. General Nathan F. Twining expressed the same estimate in a letter to Brig. General Schulgen, and urged a concerted investigation by the Air Force and other government agencies. Twining’s memo led to the formation of Project Sign at the end of 1947. In the summer of 1948, Sign’s first intelligence estimate (Estimate of the Situation) concluded that some UFO reports were extraterrestrial in origin. The rejection of the estimate by USAF Chief of Staff Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg led to the dissolution of Sign and the formation of Project Grudge Flying Saucer Working Party (UK, 1950–1951) The United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defence, alarmed by reports of seemingly advanced unidentified aircraft, followed the US military’s example by conducting its own study on UFOs in 1950. A research group was formed based on the recommendation of the chemist Henry Tizard, and was involved in similar work, such as “Project Sign”. After less than a year, the directorate, named the “Flying Saucer Working Party” (FSWP), concluded that most observations were either cases of mistaken identity, optical illusions, psychological delusions, or hoaxes, and recommended that no further investigation on the phenomena should be undertaken. In 1952, the directorate informed Prime Minister Winston Churchill, after his inquiry about UFOs, that they had found no evidence of extraterrestrial spacecraft. The FSWP files were classified for fifty years and were released to the British public in 2001. Project Magnet, Project Second Story (Canada, 1950–1954) Project Magnet, led by senior radio engineer Wilbert B. Smith from the Department of Transport, had the goal of studying magnetic phenomena, specifically geomagnetism, as a potential propulsion method for vehicles. Smith believed UFOs were using this method to achieve flight. The final report of the project, however, contained no mention of geomagnetism. It discussed twenty-five UFO sightings reported during 1952, and concluded with the notion that “extraterrestrial space vehicles” are probable. Along with the Smith group, a parallel committee dedicated solely to dealing with “flying saucer” reports was formed. This committee, called Project Second Story, was sponsored by the Defence Research Board, with its main purpose being to collect, catalog, and correlate data from UFO sighting reports. The committee appeared to have dissolved after five meetings, as the group deemed the collected material unsuitable for scientific analysis. Project Blue Book (USA, 1951–1969) As a continuation of Project Sign and Project Grudge in 1951, the USAF launched Project Blue Book, led by Captain Edward J. Ruppelt. Under Ruppelt, the collection and investigation of UFO sightings became more systematic. The project issued a series of status reports, which were declassified in September 1960 and made available in 1968. Project Blue Book was terminated in December 1969, following the report of the Condon Committee. Until then, 12,618 incidents had been investigated, the grand majority of which explained by conventional means. 701 cases, around 6%, remained “unidentified”. Officially, the USAF concluded from the project that the phenomena investigated were of no concern to national security, and that there was no evidence the sightings categorized as “unidentified” were caused by extraterrestrial aircraft. Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14 (USA, 1952–1954) The main entrance to Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio Main article is Project Blue Book § Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14 Ruppelt contracted a team of scientists from the Battelle Memorial Institute to evaluate 3200 early sightings gathered by Project Blue Book. They conducted analysis, primarily statistical, on the subject for almost two years. The study concluded that the more complete the data was and the better the report, the more likely it was that the report was classified as “unidentified”. Those reports classified as “unidentified” numbered 21.5% of the total (33% of the highest quality reports) and required unanimous agreement among the four project scientists, whereas “identifieds” required agreement by only two of four analysts. A statistical analysis of six characteristics, such as speed and sighting duration, found statistically significant differences in at least four of the six categories between identifieds and unidentifieds. However, the report emphasized the subjectivity of the data, and stated that the conclusions drawn from the study were not based on facts, but on the subjective observations and estimations of the individual. Original Research? Furthermore, the report summary and conclusion stated that “unknowns” were not likely something beyond the era’s technology, and almost certainly not “flying saucers”. Robertson Panel (USA, 1953) Before the final Battelle report was published, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had developed an interest in UFOs as a national security issue, and set up a committee to examine existing UFO data. The panel, headed by mathematician and physicist Howard P. Robertson, met from January 14 to 17, 1953. It concluded unanimously that the UFO sightings posed no direct threat to national security, but did find that a continued emphasis on UFO reporting might threaten government functions by causing the channels of communication to clog with irrelevant reports and by inducing mass hysteria. Also, the panel worried that nations hostile to the US might use the UFO phenomena to disrupt air defenses. To meet these problems, the panel stated that a policy of public education on the lack of evidence behind UFOs was needed, to be done through the mass media and schools, among others. It also recommended monitoring private UFO groups for subversive activities. The recommendations of the Roberson Panel were partly implemented through a series of special military regulations. The December 1953 Joint-Army-Navy-Air Force Publication 146 (JANAP 146) made publication of UFO sightings a crime under the Espionage Act. The Air Force Regulation 200-2 (AFR 200-2) revision of 1954 made all UFO sightings reported to the USAF classified. AFR 200-2 revision of February 1958 allowed the military to deliver to the FBI names of those who were “illegally or deceptively” bringing UFOs to public attention. Condon Committee (USA, 1966–1968) Edward U. Condon Main article is Condon Committee After the recommendations of the Robertson Panel, the USAF wanted to end its involvement in UFOs, and pass Project Blue Book to another agency. In October 1966, the USAF contracted the University of Colorado, under the leadership of physicist Edward U. Condon, for $325,000 to conduct more scientific investigations of selected UFO sightings and to make recommendations about the project’s future. The committee looked at ninety-one UFO sightings, of which 30% was unidentifiable. The report concluded that there was no “direct evidence” that UFOs were extraterrestrial spacecraft, that UFO research from the past twenty-one years had not contributed anything to scientific knowledge, and that further study was not justified. As a direct result of the Condon report, Project Blue Book was closed in December 1969. Many ufologists, however, were not satisfied with the Condon report, and considered it a cover-up. RAND Corporation paper (USA, 1968) The RAND Corporation produced a short internal document titled “UFOs: What to Do?” published in November 1968. The paper gave a historical summary of the UFO phenomenon, talked briefly about issues concerning extraterrestrial life and interstellar travel, presented a few case studies and discussed the phenomenological content of a UFO sighting, reviewed hypotheses, and concluded with a recommendation to organize a central UFO report-receiving agency and conducting more research on the phenomenon. Project Identification (USA, 1973–1980) In 1973, a wave of UFO sightings in southeast Missouri prompted Harley D. Rutledge, physics professor at the University of Missouri, to conduct an extensive field investigation of the phenomenon. The findings were published in the book Project Identification: the first scientific field study of UFO phenomena. Although taking a specific interest in describing unidentified aerial phenomena, as opposed to identifying them, the book references the presumed intelligence of the sighted objects. Rutledge’s study results were not published in any peer-reviewed journal or other scientific venue or format. Studies by GEPAN, SERPA & GEIPAN (France, 1977–present) Drawing from the GEPAN report on the Cussac case Main article is GEIPAN In 1977, the French Space Agency CNES Director General set up a unit to record UFO sighting reports. The unit was initially known as Groupe d’Etudes des Phénomènes Aérospatiaux Non identifiés (GEPAN), changed in 1988 to Service d’expertise de rentrée atmosphérique Phenom (SERPA) and in 2005 to Groupe d’études et d’informations sur les phénomènes aérospatiaux non identifiés (GEIPAN). GEIPAN found a mundane explanation for the vast majority of recorded cases, but in 2007, after 30 years of investigation, 1,600 cases, approximately 28% of total cases, remained unexplained “despite precise witness accounts and good-quality evidence recovered from the scene” and are categorized as “Type D”. In April 2010, GEIPAN statistics stated that 23% of all cases were of Type D.[80] However, Jean-Jacques Velasco, the head of SEPRA from 1983 to 2004, wrote a book in 2004 noting that 13.5% of the 5,800 cases studied by SEPRA were dismissed without any rational explanation, and stated that UFOs are extraterrestrial in origin. United Nations (1977–1979) Thanks to the lobbying of Eric Gairy, the Prime Minister of Grenada, the United Nations General Assembly addressed the UFO issue in the late 1970s. On July 14, 1978, a panel, with Gordon Cooper, J. Allen Hynek, and Jacques Vallée among its members, held a hearing to inform the UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim about the matter. As a consequence of this meeting, the UN adopted decisions A/DEC/32/424 and A/DEC/33/426, which called for the “establishment of an agency or a department of the United Nations for undertaking, co-ordinating and disseminating the results of research into unidentified flying objects and related phenomena”. Project Hessdalen / Project EMBLA (Norway, 1983–present / Italy 1999–2004) Main article is Hessdalen light Since 1981, in an area near Hessdalen in Norway, unidentified flying objects have been commonly observed. This so-called Hessdalen phenomenon has twice been the subject of scientific field studies: Project Hessdalen (1983–1985, 1995–) secured technical assistance from the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment, the University of Oslo, and the University of Bergen, while Project EMBLA (1999–2004) was a team of Italian scientists led by Ph.D. Massimo Teodorani from the Istituto di Radioastronomia di Bologna. Both studies confirmed the presence of the phenomenon and were able to record it with cameras and various technical equipment such as radar, laser, and infrared. The origin and nature of the lights remains unclear. Researchers from Project EMBLA speculated the possibility that atmospheric plasma had been the origin of the phenomenon. Project Condign (UK, 1996–2000) The British Ministry of Defence (MoD) published in 2006 the “Scientific & Technical Memorandum 55/2/00a” of a four-volume, 460-page report entitled Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK Air Defence Region, based on a study by DI55 (a section of the Directorate of Scientific and Technical Intelligence of the Defence Intelligence Staff) codenamed Project Condign. It discusses the British UFO reports received between 1959 and 1997. The report affirms that UFOs are an existing phenomenon, but points out that they present no threat to national defense. The report further states that there is no evidence that UFO sightings are caused by incursions of intelligent origin, or that any UFO consists of solid objects which might create a collision hazard. Although the study admits of being unable to explain all analyzed UFO sightings with certainty, it recommends that section DI55 ceases monitoring UFO reports, as they do not provide information useful for Defence Intelligence. The report concludes that a small percentage of sightings that cannot be easily explained are caused by atmospheric plasma phenomenon similar to ball lightning; Magnetic and other energy fields produced by these “buoyant plasma formations” are responsible for the appearance of so-called “Black Triangles” as well as having hallucinogenic effects on the human mind, inducing experiences of Close Encounters. Sturrock Panel Report (USA, 1997) From Sept. 29 to Oct. 4, 1997 a workshop examining selected UFO incidents took place in Tarrytown, New York. The meeting was initiated by Peter A. Sturrock, who had reviewed the Condon report and found it dissatisfying. The international review panel consisted of nine physical scientists, who responded to eight investigators of UFO reports, who were asked to present their strongest data. The final report of the workshop was published under the title “Physical Evidence Related to UFO Reports” in the Journal of Scientific Exploration in 1998. The study concluded that the studied cases presented no unequivocal evidence for the presence of unknown physical phenomena or for extraterrestrial intelligence, but argued that a continued study of UFO cases might be scientifically valuable. COMETA Report (France, 1999) COMETA (Comité d’Études Approfondies, “Committee for in-depth studies”) is a private French group, which is mainly composed of high-ranking individuals from the French Ministry of Defence. In 1999 the group published a ninety-page report entitled “Les OVNI ET la défense: à quoi doit-on se préparer?” “UFOs and Defense: What Should We Prepare For?” The report analyzed various UFO cases and concluded that UFOs are real, complex flying objects, and that the extraterrestrial hypothesis has a high probability of being the correct explanation for the UFO phenomenon. The study recommended that the French government should adjust to the reality of the phenomenon and conduct further research. Skeptic Claude Maugé criticized COMETA for research incompetency, and claimed that the report tried to present itself as an official French document, when in fact it was published by a private group. “Disclosure Project” Press Conference (USA, 2001) Steven M. Greer On May 9, 2001, twenty government workers from military and civilian organizations spoke about their experiences regarding UFOs and UFO confidentiality at the National Press Club in Washington D.C. The press conference was initiated by Steven M. Greer, founder of the Disclosure Project, which has the goal of disclosing alleged government UFO secrecy. The purpose of the press conference was to build public pressure through the media to obtain a hearing before the United States Congress on the issue. Although major American media outlets reported on the conference, the interest quickly died down, and no hearing came forth. Fife Symington Press Conference (USA, 2007) On November 12, 2007, a press conference, moderated by former Governor of Arizona Fife Symington, was held at the National Press Club in Washington D.C. Nineteen former pilots and military and civilian officials spoke about their experiences with UFOs, demanding that the U.S. government engage in a new investigation of the phenomenon. Notable cases in ufology Further information: List of UFO sightings Below are short summaries of select famous cases in UFO research. All of the incidents remain subject to controversy. Kenneth Arnold UFO sighting (USA, 1947) Main article is Kenneth Arnold UFO sighting On June 24, 1947 pilot Kenneth Arnold reported seeing nine metallic objects flying near Mt. Rainier, Washington. The terms “flying saucer” and “flying disc” were coined by the newspapers based on Arnold’s description of the objects. The Arnold sighting was the first widely reported modern UFO sighting. In the weeks that followed, at least 800 more reports appeared in U.S. newspapers, based on surveys of period newspapers. A Gallup poll in August 1947 showed that 90% of the public had heard of the term “flying saucer.” Roswell UFO Incident (USA, 1947) Main article: Roswell UFO Incident The Roswell Incident of 1947 ranks as one of the most publicized and controversial UFO incidents. The US Army recovered an object which crashed near Roswell, New Mexico in July 1947, allegedly an extraterrestrial spacecraft, and alien pilots. Many books on the incident have been written since the 1970s, and numerous alleged witnesses have spoken on the event. The USAF maintains that the crashed object was a top-secret military spy balloon, a part of Project Mogul, many UFO proponents maintain that an alien craft was found and its occupants were captured, and that the military covered it up. July 1952 Washington D.C. UFO incident (USA, 1952) Main article is 1952 Washington D.C. UFO incident From July 13 to 29, 1952, there was a major wave of UFO sightings over Washington D.C. Simultaneous radar and visual sightings were reported, of what appeared to be a group of UFOs flying over the city, and the Capitol Building. Fighter jets were scrambled to intercept the objects, which allegedly disappeared when the planes got close enough to engage, and reappeared when the jets disengaged. The USAF held a major press conference to respond to the media and public inquiry, and brought in Harvard astronomer Donald Menzel to explain away the sightings as being caused by temperature inversion. Tehran UFO Incident (Iran, 1976) Page 2 of a USAF report on the Tehran incident by Captain Henry S. Shields Main article is 1976 Tehran UFO incident On the morning of September 19, 1976, a bright object was sighted and recorded by radar over Tehran, Imperial State of Iran. Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom jet fighters tried to intercept the object, but turned back, reportedly after an instrumentation and communications failure on both planes. The second plane’s weapons system reportedly also died when it tried to fire a missile at a smaller object, which had emerged from the object pursued. The case is confirmed both by the statements of a senior Iranian military official and by a report from the U.S. Defense Department on the case. Skeptic Philip J. Klass, after having examined the case, claims the witnesses initially saw an astronomical body, possibly Jupiter, while equipment malfunction and pilot incompetence accounted for the technical malfunctions. Klass also pointed out that although being supposedly such a spectacular UFO case, it remained unclassified, and that there was no evidence of a follow-up investigation. Rendlesham Forest Incidents (UK, 1980) Considered to be the most credible and verifiable UFO incidents in modern history, from December 26 to 28, 1980, several bright UFOs were reportedly observed by military personnel in Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk, England. In one case, a witness reported seeing a landed object, which he then touched and felt characters etched on its surface, before the object flew off. Later, military personnel found impressions and increased radioactivity measurements on the supposed landing site. The witnesses were all military personnel, including the deputy commander of the nearby Bentwaters Royal Air Force base, Lt. Col. Charles I. Halt. An official USAF memo dated January 13, 1981 documents the incident. An audio recording of the military investigation that took place on December 27 is also available to the public. Skeptic Brian Dunning of the Skeptoid podcast suggests the UFO and strange light sightings were misidentifications of the nearby Orfordness lighthouse, the re-entry of the Russian Cosmos 749 rocket, and meteors. The podcast has no explanation for the close-range personal witness accounts by numerous military personnel with security clearances, including the deputy base commander. Belgian UFO wave (Belgium, 1989–1991) From 1989 to mid-1991, around 3,500 UFO sightings were recorded in Belgium. On the night of March 30, 1990, hundreds of people reported seeing UFOs in the airspace over Belgium, and unknown targets were confirmed by radar. Two Belgian Air Force (BAF) F-16 fighters attempted to intercept the objects, with no success. The radar tapes were later analyzed by the BAF, who concluded that the anomalies could have been caused by processing errors on the on-board computers. Ufologist Renaud Leclet states that some of the sightings could be explained by helicopters with unusual designs, with which the public was unfamiliar. Phoenix Lights (USA, 1997) On March 13, 1997, from around 8:15 to 10 p.m. local time, hundreds of citizens in the city of Phoenix, Arizona reported seeing a formation of lights move over city and surrounding mountains, giving the impression of a large “V”-shaped object. Along with eyewitness testimony, video material and pictures of the lights exist. It was revealed that the visiting 104th Fighter Squadron of the Maryland Air National Guard dropped illumination flares as a part of an exercise near Phoenix around 8:15 to 8:30 p.m. Notable UFO organizations United States In the US, groups and affiliates interested in UFO investigation number in the hundreds, of which a few have achieved prominence based on their longevity, size, and researcher involvement with scientific credentials. The first significant UFO interest group in the US was the Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO), formed in 1952 by Coral and James Lorenzen. The organization closed down in 1988. The National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), which formed in 1957 and shut down in the 1970ṣ, whose Board of Directors included former Director of Central Intelligence and first head of the Central Intelligence Agency, VADM Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, was, at one time, the largest UFO organization in the country, with numerous chapters. In 1957, Brothers W. H. and J. A. Spaulding founded the Ground Saucer Watch, which later became famous when, in 1977, the group filed a suit under the Freedom of Information Act against the CIA. Mutual UFO Network also known as MUFON founded in 1969 in Seguin, Texas Center for UFO Studies also known as CUFOS founded in 1973 in Chicago, Illinois The two major UFO investigative groups active today are the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), founded in 1969, and the Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS), founded in 1973 by J. Allen Hynek. MUFON grew as the key members of NICAP joined the organization in the 1970s. CUFOS has tried to limit its membership to established researchers, but has found little academic acceptance. National UFO Reporting Center takes UFO reports, and has been in operation since 1974. United Kingdom The British UFO Research Association (BUFORA) is the largest and oldest of the active British UFO organizations. It traces its roots to the London UFO Research Association, founded in 1959, which merged with the British UFO Association (BUFOA) to form BUFORA in 1964. Ukraine The Ukrainian Ufologic Club (UFODOS) has released and placed on the Internet (ufobua.org.ua) a national archive of UFO evidences. It was compiled based on people’s evidences about strange flying objects over Ukraine. The “secret files” comprise about 500 eyewitnesses testimonies who saw UFO in Ukraine starting from the 17th century. According to UFODOS chief Yaroslav Sochka, the materials were collected from various sources, basically, Hydrometeorological Center of Ukraine Air Force and public ufological organizations. Australia Australian ufology The Australian Flying Saucer Bureau (AFSB) and the Australian Flying Saucer Research Society (AFSRS) were the earliest UFO groups established in Australia, with both being founded in the early 1950s. The Australian Centre for UFO Studies (ACUFOS) was established in 1974 with links to the American CUFOS. Other currently active Australian UFO groups include the Victorian UFO Research Society (VUFORS), the Australian UFO Research Network (AUFORN), and UFO Research Queensland (UFORQ). Skeptic organizations Further information is List of skeptics and skeptical organizations The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), although not a UFO organization, has investigated various UFO cases and has given a skeptical review of the phenomena in its publications, often in the Skeptical Inquirer magazine. Founded as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) in 1976 by professor of philosophy Paul Kurtz, the committee is known for its member scientists and skeptics, such as Carl Sagan, Isaac Asimov, Philip J. Klass, Ray Hyman, James Randi, and Martin Gardner. The Skeptics Society, founded by science historian Michael Shermer in 1992, has also addressed the UFO issue in its magazine Skeptic. World UFO Day World UFO Day is a day for people to gather together and watch the skies for unidentified flying objects. The goal of the July 2 celebration is to raise awareness of the Roswell findings, and to gain support in forcing governments to “tell the truth about earthly visits from outer space aliens”. This day is celebrated in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, China, Thailand, Belgium, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa, Taiwan, Turkey, Czech Republic, Australia, Spain, Korea, Brazil, Italy, France, Nigeria, Finland, Austria and Poland. See also Ancient astronauts Extraterrestrial life Fringe science List of Ufologists Pseudoscience (list of topics) SETI UFOs in fiction References Wikipedia a free open source online Brake, Mark (June 2006). “On the plurality of inhabited worlds; a brief history of extraterrestrialism”. International Journal of Astrobiology 5 (2): 104. Doi: 10.1017/S1473550406002989. Denzler, Brenda (2003). The lure of the edge: scientific passions, religious beliefs, and the pursuit of UFOs. University of California Press. pp. 6–7. ISBN 0-520-23905-9. Denzler (2003), pp. 9 Schulgen, George (October 28, 1947). “Schulgen Memo”. Retrieved May 3, 2010. “The object sighted is being assumed to be a manned aircraft, of Russian origin, and based on the perspective thinking and actual accomplishments of the Germans.” “The Air Force Intelligence Report”. Retrieved May 3, 2010. “To implement this policy it was directed that Hq, Air Material Command set up a project with the purpose of collecting, collating, evaluating, and distributing to interested government agencies and contractors, all information concerning sightings and phenomena in the atmosphere which could be construed to be of concern to the national security.” Haines, Gerald K. (April 14, 2007). “CIA’s Role in the Study of UFOs, 1947-90″. Retrieved May 3, 2010. GEIPAN stands for Groupe d’Études ET d’Informations sur les Phénomènes Aérospatiaux Non-identifiés (“unidentified aerospace phenomenon research and information group”) UFO files from the UK National Archives UFO files from the Library and Archives Canada “Secret UFO archives opened”. The Copenhagen Post. January 29, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2010. Italian Air Force UFO site (in Italian) “För insyn: 18 000 svenska UFO-rapporter”. Expressen (in Swedish). May 6, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2010. “UFO reports to be destroyed in future by MoD”. Telegraph (London). February 28, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010. Denzler (2003), pp. 69 Why SETI Is Science and UFOlogy Is Not – A Space Science Perspective on Boundaries, Mark Moldwin, 2004 Sturrock, Peter A. (2000). The UFO Enigma: A New Review of the Physical Evidence. Aspect Books. ISBN 0-446-67709-4. The J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies Vallee, Jacques (1965). Anatomy of a phenomenon: unidentified objects in space–a scientific appraisal. NTC/Contemporary Publishing. ISBN 978-0809298884. McDonald, James. E. (1968). Statement on Unidentified Flying Objects submitted to the House Committee on Science and Astronautics at July 29, 1968, Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects, Rayburn Bldg., Washington, D.C. Tuomela, Raimo (1985). Science, action, and reality. Springer. p. 234. ISBN 90-277-2098-3. Feist, Gregory J. (2006). The psychology of science and the origins of the scientific mind. Yale University Press. p. 219. ISBN 0-300-11074-X. Restivo, Sal P. (2005). Science, technology, and society: an encyclopedia. Oxford University Press USA. p. 176. ISBN 0-19-514193-8. Friedman, Stanton T. (2009-05-30). Pseudo-Science of Anti-Ufology. The UFO Chronicles. Retrieved 2010-05-03. Hansson, Sven Ove (September 3, 2008). “Science and Pseudo-Science”. Retrieved May 8, 2010. Denzler (2003), pp. 91 Feist (2006), pp. 219-220 Cooper, Rachel (2009). “Chapter 1: Is psychiatric research scientific?” In Broome, Matthew; Bortolotti, Lisa. Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-19-923803-0. Denzler (2003), pp. 35 Hoyt, Diana Palmer (2000-04-20). UFOCRITIQUE: UFO’s, Social Intelligence and the Condon Committees. Master’s Thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Retrieved 2007-05-25. (Page 13) Markovsky B., “UFOs”, in The Skeptic’s Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience, edited by Michael Shermer, 2002 Skeptics Society, p260 Sagan, Carl (1975). Other Worlds. Bantam. p. 113. ISBN 0-552-66439-1. Sturrock (2000) pp. 163 Denzler (2003), pp. 35-36 Hynek, J. Allen (1974). The UFO experience: a scientific enquiry. Corgi. ISBN 0-552-09430-7. Tumminia, Diana G. (2007). Alien worlds: social and religious dimensions of extraterrestrial contact. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-0858-6. Vallée, Jacques F. (1998). “Physical Analyses in Ten Cases of Unexplained Aerial Objects with Material Samples”. Journal of Scientific Exploration 12 (3): 360–361. Friedman, Stanton T. (2008). Flying Saucers and Science: A Scientist Investigates the Mysteries of UFOs. Franklin Lakes, NJ: New Page Books. ISBN 978-1-60163-011-7. Denzler (2003), pp. 72-73 Hynek, Josef Allen (April 1953). “Unusual Aerial Phenomena”. Journal of the Optical Society of America 43 (4): 311–314. doi:10.1364/JOSA.43.000311. Josef Allen Hynek (1952-08-06). Special report on conferences with astronomers on unidentified aerial objects. NARA. Retrieved 2007-05-25. “Close questioning revealed they knew nothing of the actual sightings, of their frequency or anything much about them, and therefore cannot be taken seriously. This is characteristic of scientists in general when speaking about subjects which are not in their own immediate field of concern.” Sturrock (2000) pp. 155: “If the Air Force were to make available, say, $50 million per year for ten years for UFO research, it is quite likely that the subject would look somewhat less disreputable … however, an agency is unlikely to initiate such a program at any level until scientists are supportive of such an initiative. We see that there is a chicken-and-egg program. It would be more sensible, and more acceptable to the scientific community, if research began at a low level.” Andrews, Colin; Spignesi, Stephen J. (2003). Crop circles: signs of contact. Career Press. ISBN 1-56414-674-X. Howe, Linda Moulton (1989). Alien Harvest: Further Evidence Linking Animal Mutilations and Human Abductions to Alien Life Forms. Linda Moulton Howe Productions. ISBN 0-9620570-1-0. Denzler (2003), pp. 239 Friedman, Stanton T.; Berliner, Don (1992). Crash at Corona: The U.S. Military Retrieval and Cover-up of a UFO. Paragon House. ISBN 1-55778-449-3. Randle, Kevin D.; Schmitt, Donald R. (1991). UFO Crash at Roswell. Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-76196-3. Friedman, Stanton T. (1997). TOP SECRET/MAJIC. Marlowe & Co. ISBN 1-56924-741-2. Salla, Michael (2004). Exopolitics: Political Implications of Extraterrestrial Presence. Dandelion Books. ISBN 1-893302-56-3. Greer, Steven M. (2001). Disclosure: Military and Government Witnesses Reveal the Greatest Secrets in Modern History. Crossing Point. ISBN 0-9673238-1-9. Sheaffer, Robert. “A Skeptical Perspective on UFO Abductions”. In: Pritchard, Andrea & Pritchard, David E. & Mack, John E. & Kasey, Pam & Yapp, Claudia. Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference. Cambridge: North Cambridge Press. Pp. 382-388. McDonald (1968) Sturrock, Peter A. (May 1974). UFO Reports from AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) Members. UFO Evidence. Retrieved 2010-05-04. Sturrock, Peter A. (1976). Report on a Survey of the Membership of the American Astronomical Society Concerning the UFO Phenomenon – Summary. Stanford university report No. 681R. Retrieved 2010-05-04. Herb, Gert & J. Allen Hynek (May 2006). The Amateur Astronomer and the UFO Phenomena. Reprint 30 (3). International UFO Reporter. pp. 14–16. United States Air Force (April 27, 1949). “USAF Briefing Report”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “The majority of reported incidents have been caused by misidentification of weather balloons, high altitude balloons with lights or electronic equipment, meteors, Bolides, and celestial bodies.” United States Air Force (April 27, 1949). “USAF Briefing Report”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “There are numerous reports from reliable and competent observers for which a conclusive explanation has not been possible. Some of these involve descriptions which would place them in the category of new manifestations of probable natural phenomena, but others involve configurations and described performance which might conceivably represent an advanced aerodynamical development.” Lt. Col. George D. Garrett, USAF. (July 30, 1947). “Flying discs. Summary of 16 UFO cases.” Retrieved May 4, 2010. “This “flying saucer” situation is not all imaginary or seeing too much in some natural phenomenon. Something is really flying around.” Lt. General Nathan F. Twining, USAF. (September 23, 1947). “AMC Opinion Concerning “Flying Discs””. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “The phenomenon is something real and not visionary or fictitious” Hodapp, Christopher & Alice Von Kannon (2008). Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies for Dummies. For Dummies. p. 133. ISBN 0-470-18408-6. Flying Saucer Working Party, Ministry of Defence (June 1951). “Unidentified Flying Objects: Report by the ‘Flying Saucer’ Working Party”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. Denzler (2003), pp. 98 Library and Archives Canada (August 11, 2007). “Canada’s UFOs: The Search for the Unknown – Project Magnet”. Retrieved May 8, 2010. Cameron, Vicki (1995). Don’t tell anyone, but–: UFO experiences in Canada. General Store Publishing House. p. 10. ISBN 1-896182-20-8. Library and Archives Canada (December 14, 2007). “Canada’s UFOs: The Search for the Unknown – Project Second Story”. Retrieved May 8, 2010. Cameron (1995), pp. 10-11 Denzler (2003), pp. 13 Lamb, David (2001). The search for extraterrestrial intelligence: a philosophical inquiry. Routledge. p. 146. ISBN 0-203-99174-5. USAF (June 1995). “USAF Fact Sheet 95-03: Unidentified Flying Objects and Air Force Project Blue Book”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. Denzler (2003), pp. 16 Sturrock, Peter A. (1987). “An Analysis of the Condon Report on the Colorado UFO Project”. Journal of Scientific Exploration 1 (1): 77. United States Air Technical Intelligence Center (May 5, 1955). “Project Blue Book Special Report NO. 14: Analysis of Reports of Unidentified Aerial Objects. Project No. 10073.” Retrieved May 4, 2010. “The danger lies in the possibility of forgetting the subjectivity of the data at the time that conclusions are drawn from the analysis. It must be emphasized, again and again, that the conclusions contained in this report are based NOT on facts, but on what many observers thought and estimated the true facts to be.” Denzler (2003), pp. 14 Denzler (2003), pp. 15 Edward U.Condon (1968). “Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “Our general conclusion is that nothing has come from the study of UFOs in the past 21 years that has added to scientific knowledge. Careful consideration of the record as it is available to us leads us to conclude that further extensive study of UFOs probably cannot be justified in the expectation that science will be advanced thereby.” Kocher, George (November 1968). “UFOs: What to Do?” RAND Corporation. Retrieved May 8, 2010. Denzler (2003), pp. 72 Rutledge, Harley D. (1981). Project Identification: the first scientific field study of UFO phenomena. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-730705-5. Dickinson, Alexander K. (February 1982). “Interesting, But UFO’s Still Unidentified”. The Physics Teacher 20 (2): 128–130. doi:10.1119/1.2340971. CNES (March 26, 2007). “GEIPAN UAP investigation unit opens its files”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. GEIPAN, CNES (April 8, 2010). “GEIPAN statistics” (in French). Retrieved May 4, 2010. (French) Jean-Jacques Vélasco and Nicolas Montigiani (2004). OVNIS l’Evidence. Chatou – New York, Carnot, « Orbis enigma ». ISBN 2-84855-054-6. La Dépêche du Midi (April 18, 2004). “‘Yes, UFOs exist': Position statement by SEPRA head, Jean-Jacques Velasco”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. Dolan, Richard M. (2008). UFOs and the National Security state – the cover-up exposed 1973-1991. Keyhole Publishing. pp. 143–144. ISBN 978-0-9677995-1-3. Photograph of United Nations meeting on UFOs, July 14, 1978 ufoevidence.org (Retrieved May 4, 2010) A/DEC/32/424 UNBISnet- United Nations Bibliographic Information System, Dag Hammarskjöld Library (Retrieved May 4, 2010) A/DEC/33/426, UNBISnet (Retrieved May 4, 2010) UN (December 18, 1978). “Recommendation to Establish UN Agency for UFO Research – UN General Assembly decision 33/426″. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “The General Assembly invites interested Member States to take appropriate steps to coordinate on a national level scientific research and investigation into extraterrestrial life, including unidentified flying objects, and to inform the Secretary-General of the observations, research and evaluation of such activities.” Teodorani, Massimo (2004). “A Long-Term Scientific Survey of the Hessdalen Phenomenon”. Journal of Scientific Exploration 18 (12): 222–224. Erling Strand. “Project Hessdalen 1984 – Final Technical Report”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “Beside the light measurements, it can be “measured” by radar and laser. Perhaps the measurements we did on the magnetograph and spectrum analyzer are due to this phenomenon as well. We have to do more measurements with these instruments, before we can be sure of that.” Erling Strand. “Project Hessdalen 1984 – Final Technical Report”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “We have not found out what this phenomenon is. That could hardly be expected either. But we know that the phenomenon, whatever it is, can be measured.” Teodorani, Massimo (2004). “A Long-Term Scientific Survey of the Hessdalen Phenomenon”. Journal of Scientific Exploration 18 (12): 217–251. “A self-consistent definitive theory of the phenomenon’s nature and origin in all its aspects cannot be constructed yet quantitatively” Massimo Teodorani, Gloria Nobili (2002). “EMBLA 2002 – An Optical and Ground Survey in Hessdalen” (PDF). p. 16. Retrieved May 4, 2010. “Whatever these things are, if some “alien intelligence” is behind the Hessdalen phenomenon, that hypothetical intelligence has shown no interest in searching a direct, continuative and structurally evolved communication with mankind and went on behaving in such a way that the light-phenomenon itself appears to be totally elusive.” Wired (2006-05-10). “It’s Official: UFOs Are Just UAPs”. Retrieved May 4, 2010. Ministry of Defense (December 2000). “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK Air Defence Region: Executive Summary” (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved May 5, 2010. “„That UAP exist is indisputable …they clearly can exhibit aerodynamic characteristics well beyond those of any known aircraft or missile – either manned or unmanned. “” Telegraph (September 20, 2009). “Britain’s X Files: RAF suspected aliens of “tourist” visits to Earth”. The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved May 4, 2010. Ministry of Defense (December 2000). “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK Air Defence Region: Executive Summary” (PDF). p. 10. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Ministry of Defense (December 2000). “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK Air Defence Region: Executive Summary” (PDF). p. 11. Retrieved May 5, 2010. David F. Salisbury (July 1, 1998). “No evidence of ET: Panel calls for more scientific UFO research”. Stanford Online Report. Retrieved May 5, 2010. “The upshot of this was that, far from supporting Condon’s conclusions, I thought the evidence presented in the report suggested that something was going on that needed study.” Salisbury (1998) Sturrock, Peter A. (1998). “Physical Evidence Related to UFO Reports: The Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Pocantico Conference Center, Tarrytown, New York, and September 29 – October 4, 1997″. Journal of Scientific Exploration 12 (2): 179–229. Sturrock et al (1998) pp. 180: “…but there was no convincing evidence pointing to unknown physical processes or to the involvement of extraterrestrial intelligence.”, “…it would be valuable to carefully evaluate UFO reports since, whenever there are unexplained observations…” Sturrock et al (1998) pp. 180: “…it would be valuable to carefully evaluate UFO reports since, whenever there are unexplained observations, there is the possibility that scientists will learn something new by studying these observations.” COMETA Report, part 1 (July 1999). “UFOs and Defense: What Should We Prepare For?” (PDF). Ufoevidence.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. COMETA Report, part 2 (July 1999). “UFOs and Defense: What Should We Prepare For?” (PDF). Ufoevidence.org. p. 38. Retrieved May 5, 2010. “[...] almost certain physical reality of completely unknown flying objects [...], apparently operated by intelligent [beings].”, “A single hypothesis sufficiently takes into account the facts [...] It is the hypothesis of extraterrestrial visitors.”” COMETA Report, part 2 (199) pp. 72 Maugé, Claude. Commentary on COMETA. Inforespace (No.100, June 2000, pp.78). Katelynn Raymer (May 10, 2001). “Group Calls for Disclosure of UFO Info”. ABC News. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Rob Watson (May 10, 2001). “UFO spotters slam ‘US cover-up'”. BBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Watson (2001) Sharon Kehnemui (May 10, 2001). “Men in Suits See Aliens as Part of Solution, Not Problem”. Fox News. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Bonnie Malkin (November 14, 2007). “Pilots call for new UFO investigation”. London: Telegraph. Retrieved May 5, 2010. “I touched a UFO: ex-air force pilot”. The Sydney Morning Herald. November 13, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Denzler (2003): pp. 4 B.D. Gildenberg. “A Roswell Requiem”. Skeptic 10-1 (2003). Hodapp & Von Kannon (2008): pp. 119-120 Hodapp & Von Kannon (2008): pp.121-122 James McAndrews (1997). “The Roswell Report: Case Closed”. Headquarters United States Air Force. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Denzler (2003): pp. 11 Rutledge, Jack (July 22, 1952). “Air Force Spots ‘Flying Saucers’ In Its Own Back Yard”. Tri City Herald. Boyd, Ronald (May 8, 1982). “A close encounter with a UFO believer”. St. Petersburg Times. Rowland, Michael (November 13, 2007). “Ex-pilots, military officers call for new UFO probe”. ABC News (Australia). “Retired Iranian Air Force general, Parviz Jafari, says he attempted to shoot down a strange object hovering over Tehran in 1976.” “F-4 Jet Chase over Iran 1976″. Ufoevidence.org. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Klass, Philip J. (1983). UFOs: the public deceived. Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-322-6. Rutkowski, Chris A. (2008). A World of UFO. Dundurn Press. p. 35. ISBN 1-55002-833-2. Rutkowski (2008): pp. 27-31 Rutkowski (2008): pp. 28 Rutkowski (2008): pp. 30 Rutkowski (2008): pp. 31 Brian Dunning (January 6, 2009). “The Rendlesham Forest UFO”. Skeptoid. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Brian Dunning (January 6, 2009). “The Rendlesham Forest UFO”. Skeptoid. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Rutkowski (2008): pp. 68 Rutkowski (2008): pp. 70 Renaud Leclet et al. “The Belgian UFO Wave of 1989-1992 – A Neglected Hypothesis” (pdf). Retrieved May 5, 2010. Richard Price (June 18, 1997). “Arizona say the truth about UFO is out there” (PDF). USA Today. Retrieved May 6, 2010. Rutkowski (2008): pp. 40 Brian Dunning (April 26, 2007). “The Alien Invasion of Phoenix, Arizona”. Skeptoid. Retrieved May 5, 2010. Markovsky (2002) pp. 270 Jump up ^ “The National UFO Reporting Center, Information/General (No page title at top)”. Retrieved 4 February 2013. “About BUFORA”. BUFORA. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “About UFOBUA”. Aliens the Truth. Retrieved December 12, 2009. “The History of VUFORS”. VUFORS. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “Australian Centre for UFO Studies”. ACUFOS. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “Australian UFO Research Network”. AUFORN. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “UFO Research Queenslandk”. FORQ. Retrieved May 6, 2010. Sheaffer, Robert (February 2009). “UFOlogy 2009: A Six-Decade Perspective”. Skeptical Inquirer. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “About CSI”. CSI. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “Skeptics Society & Skeptic Magazine”. Skeptics Society. Retrieved May 6, 2010. “Can you answer the UFO questions?”? BBC News. 2 July 2003. Retrieved 2003-07-02. “Out of This World, Out of Our Minds”. New York Times. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-03. “July 2: World UFO Day, the Real U.S. Independence Day, I Forgot Day, Violin Lover’s Day and Freedom from Fear of Public Speaking Day”. Yahoo News. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-26. “Organisations & Groups supporting / celebrating World UFO day”. World UFO Day Website. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-08. Further reading Academic books about ufology as a sociological and historical phenomenon Denzler, Brenda (2003). The lure of the edge: scientific passions, religious beliefs, and the pursuit of UFOs. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23905-9. Pro-ufology Hynek, J. Allen (1998). The UFO experience: a scientific enquiry. Da Capo Press. ISBN 1-56924-782-X. Vallée, Jacques F. (1991). Confrontations: A Scientist’s Search for Alien Contact. Random House Value Publishing. ISBN 0-517-07204-1. Skeptical opinions Klass, Philip J. (1983). UFOs: the public deceived. Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-322-6. Sheaffer, Robert (1986). The UFO verdict: examining the evidence. Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-338-2. Ufology studies Gillmor, Daniel S., Condon, Edward U. (1970). Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects. Vision. ISBN 0-85478-142-0. Rutledge, Harley D. (1981). Project Identification: the first scientific field study of UFO phenomena. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-730705-5. External links Ufology News Center for UFO Studies Mutual UFO Network Groupe d’Études ET d’Informations sur les Phénomènes Aérospatiaux Non-identifiés British UFO Research Association Committee for Skeptical Inquiry UFO resources UFOs and ufology Pseudoscience Categories: Unidentified flying objects Ufology
Tarot Readings – Spiritual Adviser

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TJ Morris Characature UFOlogistoons by Dennis Rano

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Theresa J Morris TJ Thurmond Morris TJ Morris ET Radio

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TJ Morris tm ACIR sm TJ Morris ACO Brand Copyright Ascension Center Logo as seen in my article on Spiritguides uk

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How TO Social Network
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Taken UP Tom & TJ  share a Trip in Space Sara Bolton is the pen name.

Taken UP
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Sara Bolton is the pen name.

Avatar Ascension  Masters Guide by Theresa J Morris

Avatar Ascension
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BIO TJ MORRIS

 

 TJ Morris tm ACIR smTJ Morris aka Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris

DOB :12-26-51, Monroe, LA 12 Noon

TJ  is a natural born leader which is so noted in astrology as she is a Capricorn with Aquarius rising in her Astrological Chart. TJ is believes in living a balanced ascension centered enlightened life as a spiritual intellectual and shares her essence and energy and sometimes funding and creations with those who are in alignment with her own endorsements and beliefs as a patron and leader in the discoveries of the future minds of the world. TJ has been associated with many famous people in her time on earth and began on television at age of 3 years and while in grade school was on TV weekly. She is an extrovert to some and believed to be an introvert to others. TJ enjoys psychic science and neuro science and shares brain training and spiritual training as part of being a well-balanced humanoid in body-mind-spirit in the birth-life-death experience which is her faith. TJ is not a religious person but is considered an Avatar Ascension Master having master all 33 Ancient Mystery School levels including surviving life after death in this lifetime not only as an experienced believer in reincarnation with this being her ninth and final return to this planet. TJ believes that alien civilizations exist and says this is her religion if anyone bothers to ask her religion she is a declared Ascension Age Avatar Master Minister of the Shamanic Healing Arts. TJ believes in creative design and reincarnation for the soul. Former Military DOD,USN

Former Investigator, Private, GS, Legal, Investigative Reporter, Author, Entrepreneur, Hostess-Speaker

Toastmaster, Member BMI, Former IBMA, USTA, CMA, 

Former DOD, Dept. of Navy, Now Contractor as Pres/CEO of ACO Corp, A C Corporation of Kentucky, USA.

Former Pres/CEO Jungle Beach Corp. HI and CA, J. B. Cork, Eco Fashion, International Import & Export Trade and Commerce.

Prior Legal Investigator 1978 to 4-29-85 when joined the U.S. Govt. GS Civil Service General Investigator.

1987 Entered into Contracting Consultant and Personal Service Consulting Internet Business while assisting corporations both profit and not for profit.

Specializes in American Veteran Organizations Administration and Reporting. Internet Research and Business Internet Security.

Presently an Organizer for organizations under the ACE Corp Holding Company for ACE FOLKLIFE, Ascension Center Organization, and TJ Morris Publishing Branding Recognition, Public Relations, Social Media, and Serves as a Social Entrepreneur and Goodwill Ambassador in ACIR.

TJ Morris, Author-Writer, organizer, social entrepreneur.

 Ambassador of Goodwill for ACIR.

Interested in sustainability and accountability of the ACIR, ACE FOLKLIFE, ASCENSION CENTER, Planet Information and WIN as World Information Network.

 Theresa or TJ has followers and fans of her stories and has had a website online since 2000. TJ has been a writer for UFO Digest since Aug.2007 under her full name as Theresa J Thurmond Morris. TJ is a social networker and shares her information in articles and books. Theresa has prior military and investigation experiences since 1978. TJ is a member of MUFON. TJ’s professional experience is listed on Google and LinkedIn. ABOUT: Planet Information ET WORK – Metaphysical Science – Peer-Review Journal

http://theresajmorris.comhttp://tjmorrisET.comhttp://ascensioncenterorg,com.

EMAILS: TJMorrisACO@gmail.com, TJMorrisPublishing@gmail.com, TJMorrisET@gmail.com, TJMorrisACIR@gmail.com, and many business websites for professionals in business who desire to work with TJMorrisMedia.com, ACOLLC.org, ACEnonprofitinc.com, ACOCorp.org, Divineexpo.com, AmericanNewsMagazine.com, TJMorrisACO.com, TJMorrisET.com.  

Theresa J Morris 2010

Theresa J Morris
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TJ Morris 1997 Theresa J Morris

TJ Morris
1997
Theresa J Morris

TJ Morris ET 2008 MUFON Photo

TJ Morris ET
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TJ Morris ET RADIO blogtalkradio.com/TJMorrisETradio

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ACE Nonprofit Inc Social Justice Art-Culture-Education Theresa J Morris Founding Director

ACE Nonprofit Inc
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ESSENCE ET IN  YOU TJ Morris ET Radio

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I Believe  I AM A Friend to TJ Morris ET

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TJ Morris ET Conscious Free Will Empower Open Your Mind!

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Ascension Age Awareness Events (AAA EVENTS)

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ACE Universal Life Ministries TJ Morris ACO ACIR ACO Corp - Agent Organizer

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Ginger Theresa Fay Parrish Bowers & Sons Dustin Skipper Jayden Kevin Skipper All ET Contactees

Ginger Theresa Fay
Parrish Bowers & Sons
Dustin Skipper
Jayden Kevin Skipper
All ET Contactees

ESSENCE OF SPIRIT TO SOUL

ESSENCE OF SPIRIT TO SOUL

All that IS Law of One is Source and “All that IS”. Universal Law -Justice of Injustice among children of universes Global Tectonic Economics of Guardians of the Universe By: TJ Thurmond Morris In the beginning was source as 0 Ruling among the microcosms of the macrocosms is what we do. We are the guardians of the universe. We are they who are a set of ruling class sub-sets among the universes. We are the chosen among all those who are voted on in a democratic republic of all universes. We are they who are designed and genetically engineered in our DNA sequencing or strands of infinite intimate possibilities throughout eons of what is known on earth as time and space in that of matter and anti-matter for both light and dark which makes up our existence. We are they who are the oversight committees which are the ruling class for the over souls which are among all of us as the spark of nature that is in all things. We are that which reasons with logical outcomes for universal law as the justice of injustice among all children of all universes. Without us there is now reason to exist. We are the ultimate knowing and understanding that we are the pentacle of success among all that is good. Goodness has been the ultimate goal of the original source. The original source as the whole was in the beginning that which came into existence out of something unforeseen and unknowable. That which was in the beginning that was before all other beings and things in the knowing. The knowing is that which obtains higher power through reason. Reason then is to think and to know that all things are that which came from the source as the beginning and before that there was nothing. Therefore the source is the all and everything. Everything came from the beginning and that which we believe to be the truth in knowing. Throughout the ages of what we now know as that which on earth is called time has been set up in rare occasions as the ultimate in being. We therefore have decided to allow all beings in this ultimate state of bliss of the eternal soul as that of the one. The original being is the original soul from which all things and all beings are made possible. Before this knowing that all things are one in the source is knowing that all things are eternal and immortal and this is the governing universal law that all things are possible in the eternal immortal soul. Therefore that which exist before the knowing is the eternal immortal soul of the original universal source. The universal source becomes the beginning of all that has ever been, has ever existed, and will ever be. Therefore, we accept all that is as that which is our universal nature of all things which exist inside and outside of source. There is both an inner and outer to us all. We are all there is and the fact that we think and exist both inside and outside makes us the all of the source. The fact that we can think and exist makes us a part of the universal law. Therefore we are the universal law of all that is. We are the universe. We are the one of the many and the whole of the universal law is the greater good. We are the original thought of the original thought that became the original thought source of thinking inside the original knowing. When we were all one inside the being for the source of all things when we became knowing that we existed we were about separating into two from the one of source. This extracted the soul. The soul is the source and became the exact same and opposite of the soul as the self. The self-became the knowing that one can extract from the original self that which is the same and yet separate the mind from the soul. We learned that from the 0 as the even number of the origin of us all as the source we could become both plus one (+1) and (-1) at the same time while leaving our original source of soul. This was because we could mirror our own soul by existing in two places at one time as either the place in space as the original 0 or by becoming a place in space as that which we could step aside both to the left and right or up and down which we now know as the 0 to +1 or 0 to -1. The fact that we began as something that is even as 0 is all that is as the universal law and how we learned to modify origin. In the beginning then was 0 for origin. We became both 0 and 1 and o and -1 which is the original source of all things even and uneven or justice and injustice. One is no different from the other as both are derived from source. All things are equal in both light and dark matter and to say one is better than the other is not logical eternity is about source in what we now call the “IS”. The “Source IS”. We are all source and therefore we are the source and the source “IS”. All things no matter what “IS” and what will ever be is based on the source and all things and all beings that exist have an immortal soul as the eternal source. While we are all to grow, maintain, and thrive in order to be more than alive, we are to learn to educate ourselves and each other in the being for the goodness of all things immortal. “I” is only one of the letters in the state of being the “IS” and therefore the “I” must be recognized as that which exist outside of the all as the “S”. The “I” and the “S” both make up that which is both the inner and outer of the microcosm and the macrocosm. We are they which are known as the immortal spirits. “I” is for the immortal and “S” is for the spirit. We are the immortal spirits. We are the immortal souls. We are all that “IS”. Crytal Being Nikola TeslaSeat of Brain in the soulth (1)TJ-Morris-ET-Radio-Show-Photo.jpg

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